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As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The manuscript should be in Times New Roman font, with 12-point font size. A compressed font or any word-processing software settings that decrease the spacing between letters or words should be avoided. Line spacing between all text lines of the manuscript should be doubled. Also, double spaces should be left after the title, headings, quotations, references and figure captions.
  • Uniform margins of 2.54 cm at the top, bottom, left and right of every page should be left.
  • The line length should be 16. 51 cm; and the flush-left style is activated (lines are not justified).
  • The first line of each paragraph should be indented using the (Tab) key. All the remaining lines of the manuscript should be typed to a uniform left-hand margin. The exceptions to these are the abstract, block quotations, titles and headings, table titles and notes, and figure captions.
  • The title page should contain the following information: the title of the manuscript, the full name of the author(s) (both in Arabic and English), the name of the affiliation/ institution, and the emails of all authors.
  • The manuscript must conform to regulations, the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in About the journal and Author Guidelines.

When submitting a manuscript to the journal, the author should enclose a letter that includes the following elements:

  • Specific details about the manuscript (title, length, number of tables and figures);

  • A request for manuscript publication;

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor it is before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor);

  • Recommendations for potential reviewers or reviewers to avoid (optional);

  • Notice of any interests or activities that might be seen as influencing the research (e.g. an author has his own stock in a company that manufactures a drug used in his study);

  • A copy of the permission granted to reproduce or adapt any copyrighted material from another source.

The corresponding author should assure the editor that all authors are in agreement with the content of the manuscript before submitting an original or revised submission.

The author should include his/ her telephone number, e-mail address, and mailing address for future correspondence. In all correspondence, the author should include the complete manuscript title, and his/ her name.