Online Registration

online

Registration

med

/enj/component/k2/item/1623-medicine /enj/component/k2/item/1621-medicine /enj/component/k2/item/1620-medicine /enj/component/k2/item/1619-medicine

Graduation Research

Last Updated on Tuesday, 22 December 2015 09:44


Graduation Research 2013-2014

download

Graduation Research 2012-2013

download


Graduation Research 2013-2014


 

Knowledge, Attitude ,and Practice of Secondary School Students about

 

Schistosomaisis in Al-Ahjor Area, Al Mahweet Governorate, Yemen in 2014

 

Supervisor:

 

Dr. Ahmed Ali Qaid Associated professor of community Medicine

 

Research Team:

 

Ruqia Alsumeli, Naseem ALAhrami , Amani ALbrhani, Amal Hikmat, Asma Mahmoud,

 

Belqees Ahmed, Lama Hikmat, Manar Bahumeid, Muna Haj ,Hafsa AbduALqader

 

Abstract:

 

Background:

 

Schistosomiasis is one of the most prevalent neglected tropical diseases. It is a life-threatening public health problem

 

in Yemen especially in rural communities.

 

Objective:

 

To determine the knowledge, attitude, and practice of Schistosomiasis among secondary school students in Alahjor

 

area, Al Mahweet governorate, Yemen 2014.

 

Methods:

 

A descriptive cross-sectional approach has been chosen for the study sample which is 260 secondary school students

 

from January to May 2014 in four male secondary schools) and four female secondary schools in Al-Ahjor area, Al

 

Mahweet governorate, Yemen, in which the data collected via questionnaire.

 

Result:

 

In our research we found that the majority of students were males (65.4%) in which their mean age was 17 years

 

old. The majority of parents were illiterate and most of fathers were farmers while mothers were housewife. The main

 

source of drinking water was river . The most of students knew the cause , symptoms and mode of transmission of

 

schistosomiasis. The majority of students reported that the importance of wearing shoesas mode of protection from

 

the disease, and the other group of them were playing and bathing in pools or waterfall. ( 43.6%) of the students

 

reported that the importance of using the bathroom is to reduce disease distribution and who can treat the disease is

 

a doctor in hospitals or health centers.

 

based on our finding comparison between male and female about KAP study difference between them in some

 

variables..

 

conclusion:

 

This study reveals that, all the students in Al-ahjor area were Yemeni, the majority of them were males.

 

In general the knowledge, Attitude & practice of secondary school students in alahjor area regarding males & females

 

were good & approximately equal.

 


 


 

USES OF DEXA TO ESTIMATE OSTEOPOROSIS AMONG PATIENTS IN

 

UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY HOSPITALSANA’A- YEMEN.

 

Supervisors:

 

Dr. Hameed M. Aklan Associated Professor of Radiology, President of UST,

 

Dr. Abdullah A. Almikhlafy Assistant Professor of Community Medicine, Dean of Faculty of Medicine &

 

Health Science ,UST

 

Research Team:Azhar Albanna, Doa’a Rabee, Raiyan Adam, Mawada El-aghil, Randa Alhobishe

 

Abstract:

 

Background: Osteoporosis is a neglected problem in Sana’a Yemen and is thought to increase in prevalence. In

 

this study we assessed the magnitude of osteoporosis in Sana’a-Yemen.

 

Objective: To assess the magnitude of osteoporosis and the prevalence of osteoporosis of both genders and

 

different age groups in addition to BMD measured by DEXA.

 

Methodology: A cross sectional study was applied among all cases of radiological department in University of

 

Science and Technology Hospital, within 2006- 2014 in Sana›a- Yemen. We reviewed all the files of DEXA reports in

 

the Hospital›s Radiology Department in UST hospital archives.

 

Results: all the taken reports were 1105 and 10 cases were excluded.The BMD measured by T-score was

 

measured by DEXA in the left hip showing the following results: The prevalence of osteoporosis in males had a

 

percentage of 61.9% in comparison with the prevalence of osteoporosis in females with a percentage of 53.1%.

 

In addition T-score in normal individuals the prevalence was 45.7%, mild osteoporotic individuals prevalence

 

was 40.4%, moderate osteoporotic individuals prevalence showed 14.0% and severe osteoporotic individuals

 

with fractions prevalence was 0%. BMD measured by the T-score using DEXA in the lumbar spine showed the

 

following: The prevalence of osteoporosis in males had a percentage of 80.4% in comparison with the prevalence

 

of osteoporosis in females with a percentage of 79.4% normal T-scores individuals the prevalence was 20.5%,

 

mild osteoporotic individuals prevalence was 36.2%, moderate osteoporotic individuals prevalence was 43.5% and

 

severe osteoporotic individuals with fractures prevalence was 0%. The percentage of agreements of osteoporosis

 

showed in the lumbar spine and left hip was 44% in which they showed the same T-scores while 56% of the total

 

cases showed different T-scores.

 

Conclusion: Osteoporosis is indeed an uprising neglected problem in Sana’a Yemen that lacks awareness, its

 

prevalence is surprising higher in males in patients <25 years old in the left hip in comparison to the lumbar spine

 

which is prevalent in 2534-year old

 


 

Prevalence and Risk Factors of Retinopathy in Diabetic Patients at Al-Magrabi

 

Hospital Sana’a 2013 - 2014

 

Supervisor:

 

Dr. Ahmed Ali Qaid, Associated _ professor of community Medicine

 

Research team: Ahlam Germish, Asma’a Alhada, Fedda Quftan, Jawhara Basher, Nuha Aladofi, Zahra’a

 

Hashim Ala’a Alasad Esra’a Jaradat Hanan Al-Hakem, Maymona Abu Hilaleh, Rufaida Abdarazaq

 

Abstract

 

Background:

 

Diabetes mellitus is a condition in which there is a chronically raised blood glucose concentration due to absolute

 

or relative deficiency of insulin. i.e. insulin is not being produced from the pancreas or there is insufficient insulin for

 

the body’s need

 

Diabetic retinopathy can result in ocular complications leading to poor vision in the working age group. It is one of

 

the leading causes of blindness in the 2074-years age group.

 

Our study aim:

 

To identify the risk factors associated with diabetic retinopathy among diabetic patients at Al-Magrabi Hospital at

 

Sana’a city.

 

Method:

 

Our study was descriptive cross-sectional study at Al-Magrabi Hospital in Sana’a city at period from December 2013

 

to June 2014 (were included in the study).

 

Results:

 

146 patients include in this study, The prevalence of diabetic retinopathy was 67.6 % On data analysis it was shown

 

that the mean age of patients with diabetic retinopathy was 53 years and the mean duration of diabetic mellitus was

 

11 years SD+7.4 .46.3% from participant were on regular treatment. 71% of patients with low sugar diet, 38,4%

 

of patients of our participant practicing sport either always or sometime. 17% of our participant were smoker with

 

average duration 20 years.

 

46,6% of our participant were hypertension with average duration 4 years SD± 4.8.

 

Conclusion:

 

Our study proved that there is a association between the risk factors and the development of diabetic retinopathy

 

.11 reveals that the long duration of diabetics mellitus is one of the main risk factor of diabetic retinopathy. Mostly

 

hypertension.poor control glycimic and irregular use of medications are important risk factors for progression of

 

diabetic retinopathy. Hypercholesterolemia play role in the risk of diabetic retinopathy.

 

Keywords: diabetes mellitus, diabetic retinopathy, Yemen. risk factors.

 


 


 

Prevalence and Risk Factors of Abnormal Cervical Cytology Among Fertile

 

Women In Sana’a, Yemen,(2012 -2013)

 

Supervisors:

 

Dr. Abdullah A. Almikhlafy Assistant professor of community Medicine, Dean of

 

Faculty of Medicine & Health Science, UST

 

Dr. Maha Abdul-Aziz Abdul Bari ,Assistant Professor of Gyne& Obs. UST

 

Research TEAM:

 

Areen AL-Ali , Saida Al-Chadily, Hafsa Muhammad, Rahima Musa, Maha AlKebsi, Nabila Abubakar

 

Abstract

 

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:

 

Cervical cancer is reportedly as the 9th cancer of female in Yemen, and the 10th most common female cancer

 

in women age between 15 to 44 years in Yemen. From University of Science and Technology Hospital in years

 

2012 - 2013.

 

METHODS:

 

This study is Retrospective Descriptive study. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and risk factors of

 

abnormal cervical cytology among fertile women obtained from all records of female came to the University of

 

Science and Technology Hospital in years 2012 - 2013.

 

RESULTS:

 

Data were collected from 300 records of patients. the prevalence of cervical cytological abnormalities were

 

according to epithelial cell abnormality, No squamous intraepithelial lesions or malignancy( normal result) were

 

found in 219 (73%). Atrophic vaginitis was found in 36 (12% ). Inadequate result was found in 34 ( 11.3%).

 

Features of malignancy were found in 4 (1.3%). Inflammatory cell changes were found in 6 (2%) And Cervicitis

 

in 1 (0.3%).

 

CONCLUSION:

 

The abnormal cervical cytological prevalence rate in Yemen is low. This might be due to sociocultural

 

differences, lack of hospital-based screening programs. This results are useful for planning future cervical

 

cancer control programs.

 


 


 

Epidemiological characteristics of human hydatid disease in the major

 

hospitals, Sanna, Yemen

 

Supervisor:

 

Dr. Majed Wadi Assistant Dean for Academic Affairs

 

Research team:Shareef Abed ,Moaweh Al-dgheim, Ahmad Ayyad, Moawiah Abdalrahman, Drar

 

Bany, Mohammad Horani, Qutiaba Rahmoon Ali Albaw, Jaber Alkhalialeh, Khaled Bani Hani ,Tareq

 

wrakat

 

Abstract

 

Background:

 

Echinococcosis is a zoonotic disease caused by infection with the larval stage of tapeworm

 

Echinococcusgranulosus. The dogs are the definitive hosts while the sheep are the intermediate host, so the

 

global distribution of the diseases are increased in sheep rising areas (rural areas). It is a chronic disease of

 

major public health importance and considered endemic in Yemen.

 

Objective:

 

This study aims to describe the epidemiological characteristics of human hydatid disease cases in the major

 

hospitals in Sana’a, Yemen (University of Science and Technology “UST’, Alkuwait, Aljoumhori and Althawra

 

hospitals).

 

Methodology:

 

A cross-sectional study was applied in this research. A modified check list was used to collect data from the

 

diagnosed cases of hydatid disease in the major hospitals’ archives for the years of 20122013-.

 

Results:

 

Out of 76 files of diagnosed hydatid disease, 65.8% of cases were females while 34.2% were males. The

 

highest age group was less than 30 years that represented 48.7%.The most affected organ was the liver

 

72.4%, followed by lung 23.7%. Cysts were single in 73.7% of cases and multiple in 26.3% of cases. All of the

 

cases were treated surgically and reported no recurrence or ICU admission.

 

Conclusion

 

Hydatid disease has major impact on the public. The results of this study are quite similar to other studies

 

worldwide. A call for good preventive methods, including effective health education, should be taken to

 

eradicate such disease.

 


 


 

Proportion of Malarial Complications in Major Hospitals in Sana’a City in

 

Yemen 2013 - 2014

 

Supervisor:

 

Dr. Mahdi Al-Qarwani Assistant Dean for Clinical Training & Hospitals’ Affairs

 

Research Team:

 

Wa’al Rozi, Omar Bajaber, Abdullah Al-Mansari,

 

Abdul-Aziz Salem, Ibrahim Mohammed Qassim, Abdul-Rahman Al- Ahmadi ,Hammed Al-Awadhi

 

Abstract

 

Background

 

Malaria is parasitic protozoan’s disease transmitted by a bite of an infected female Anopheles and has serious

 

complication Unfortunately in Yemen there are insufficient studies that discuses complications of malaria .

 

Aim

 

To estimate proportion of complications among malarial patients in Al-Jamhori and Al-Thawrah hospital in

 

Sana’a city from 2011 to 2014 .

 

Method

 

The study was cross sectional study. The data collected by reviewing all the files and reports of the patients

 

who were admitted to Al-Jamhori and Al-Thawrah hospitals for the period from 2011 to 2014 .

 

Results

 

Our study shows that out of 111 malarial cases have been collected 52 cases (46.8 %) were of young age

 

group with male predominance by 75 cases (67.6%). Complications of malaria occur in 62.2% with male

 

predominance by 38.7% comparing to 23.4% of female gender out of all those complication s cerebral malaria

 

was the most common one represented by 34.2% followed by acute renal failure 21.8% then severe anemia

 

17.1% .

 

Conclusions

 

In this cross sectional study in Al-Jomhori teaching hospital and Al-Thwra hospital during 2011 to 2014, the

 

proportion of malarial complications were 62.2%. With predominance of cerebral malaria by 34.2%.

 

Proportion and Risk Factors of Bone Fractures Due to Road Traffic

 

Accidents Among Patients Registered in Emergency Department at

 

University of Science & Technology Hospital in Sana’a Yemen, 2013.

 

Supervisor: Dr. Essam Hamdi Al-Safadi Asso professor of community Medicine, UST

 

Research team: Abdulla Abo Dheef, Abdurrahman Bin Ghanim, Fras Fahad, Hussein

 

Bosaleh ,Hussein Mohammed, Mohammed Al-Arini, Omar AL-Barzan, Raid Abunaser,

 

Abstract

 

Background:

 

The Road Traffic Accidents is defined as any vehicles accident occurring on a public road or highway and

 

includes vehicle accidents where the place of occurrence is unspecified Many people who are injured

 

in car accidents suffer broken bones and fractures. Often, a broken bone sustained in an auto accident

 

can be more serious than in a fall or sports accident. This is because forces acting upon a person in

 

a car accident can be extreme. People who suffer fractures in car accidents often require surgery and

 

when there are multiple fractures, which is often the case; the victim may require reconstructive surgery

 

involving hardware to secure the bones .

 

Objectives:

 

To estimate the proportion of bone fractures caused by road traffic accidents in emergency department

 

at University of Science &Technology Hospital in Sana’a, Yemen, for the year 2013.

 

Methods:

 

We have collected data ofallRoad Traffic Accidents cases ofregistered in emergency department at

 

University of Science & Technology Hospital in Sana’a Yemen.

 

Results:

 

A  mass  sampling  method  was  used  to  collect  data  from  files  of  patients.  A  self-  administeredquestionnaire-based study and data was collected from 336 files refined in 212 with bone fractures and

 

124 with no bone fractures that were excluded from the study and we have found that the proportion of

 

bone fractures caused by RTA are more than half with a percentage of 63.10% while 36.90% represents

 

accidents with no fractures.

 

Conclusions:

 

There is a high proportion of bone fracture in road traffic accidents and there was strong relation between

 

risk factors and road traffic accidents percentage.

 

The prevalence of diarrheal disease among children less than five years of age

 

admitted to university of science and technology hospital, Sana’a from (2010 - 2013)

 

Supervisor: Dr. Essam Hamdi Al-Safadi Asso professor of community Medicine, UST

 

Research team: Badr Sroor, Amr Alamoudi, Younes Khader, Akram Alshrafi, Ahmed Hadi, Nsswe Nasser

 

Abstract

 

Background:

 

Diarrheal disease among children younger than 5 years old remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide.

 

In developing countries, diarrhea is the second leading cause of childhood morbidity and mortality. Unfortunately in

 

Yemen there are insufficient studies about the prevalence of diarrhea especially among admitted cases in USTH

 

Aim:

 

To estimate the prevalence and to identify the most common risk factors of diarrheal disease among children less

 

than five years of age admitted to university of science and technology hospital, Sana’a from (20102013-).

 

Method:

 

The study was cross-sectional descriptive study. The data collected by reviewing all the files of the patients who

 

were admitted to University of Science and Technology Hospital from 2010 to 2013

 

Results:

 

A total of 3745 children were admitted to USTH from January 2010 to December 2013; of these 49 children admitted

 

with diarrheal disease and the prevalence rate was 1.3%. The majority of children were males 32 (66%) and below

 

24 months of age (85.5%). Among 49 patients who were enrolled into the study 9 with bacterial causative and most

 

of them (91.8%) without previous history of disease. Prevalenceof diarrheal disease was significantly higher in

 

winter months (91.5%) and from Aljeraff area (28.5%).

 

Conclusions:

 

The results of the study show decrease the prevalence rate which was 1.3%. These rates were highest in the age

 

group of 124-months and were lowest among children aged > 24 months. Prevalence of diarrheal disease significantly

 

higher across male sex. Prevalence of diarrheal disease was significantly higher in winter months.


 



 


 

Graduation Research 2012-2013

 


 

 

 

Prevalence of Depression among Female Students in University of Science and Technology in Sana'a-Yemen in 2013

 

Supervisor:  Dr. Majed Wadi, Assistant Dean for Academic Affairs

 

 

 

Researchers:

 

Amani Mohammed Almodhfri , Ejlal Abdulla Aljalal, Dalia Manea Ali, Doaa  Ali Saeed, Samar Mohammed Aljedri, Manal Mohammed Samater, FilsanmusseSabri, LameesTaleb Abu Hameedah

 

Abstract

 

Background: Recently there is a growing concern about depression during undergraduate university students especially among females. However, studies about the same topic are lacking from Yemen universities.

 

The objectives of our study were to find out the prevalence of depression among female university student and comparing it between different levels and different faculties.

 

Methods: A cross-sectional, questionnaire-based survey was carried out among Undergraduate female students of all faculties and all their levels in University of Science and Technology, Sana’a-Yemen, during October to November 2013. Depression level was assessed using the becks depression inventory, a total, 21-items questionnaire was used to find out the prevalence of depression and its level.

 

 

 

Results: Based on sample size, calculation of 400 students was participated in the study.

 

The overall percentage of severe depression was 32(7.9%) and those facing extreme depression was found to be 10 (2.5%), it was significantly higher among medical faculty students (96(23.8%)) and in the first levels of most facilities. There is no association between qat chewing, smoking, and nationality with depression. While a relation between drug intake and depression was found in the study. 

 

 

 

Conclusion: A high level of severe depression was reported by the students. The main depressor was related to drug intake .No other relations were found during the study.

 

 

Prevalence of Low Visual Acuity among Primary School's Students in AL-Sonina Sana'a, Republic of Yemen,2013

 

Supervised by:

 

Assistant professor Dr. Essam Hamdi Alsafadi

 

Conducted by:

 

Donia Mohammed Lutf ,Reem Mohammed Lutf, Somia Ahmed Hadi ,Faten Mohammed Almadhagi , LeenaAbdulwaliAlbaher, Mariam Abdullah Mahmood, NohaMukhtar Awn ,Yasmin Mohammed Aljoid

 

Abstract

 

    Visual acuity is defined as acuteness or clearness of vision. Which can be measured by a Snellen Chart an initial test to identify people having LVA. Who need to be refracted and examined in more details .the level of acuity that denote low visual acuity is <=6/12.

 

    Perfect vision has an important role in early psychomotor, cognitive, social and emotional development of the child.in the other hand, low visual acuity is recognized as an important problem in the society which can result into heavy socio-economic consequences especially in school children which may lead to total blindness in later life. Inability to read material written on blackboard can have a serious impact on child's participation and learning in class which adversely affects a child's education, occupation and socioeconomic status.

 

     According to WHO, at June 2012,285million people are visually impaired. 90% of them live in developing country. 19 million of them are below age 15 years.

 

Although 80 % of the causes can be avoided or cured easily like as refractive error, cataract, trachoma and diabetic retinopathy.

 

    As well as global economic cost in lost productivity due to avoidable distance vision impairment alone was estimated to be (approximately US$202 billion) each year in 2009. A relatively small investment (compared to the cost) of US$28 billion would establish the eye care services required to provide good vision to people with uncorrected refractive error.

 

However the prevalence of blindness and low visual acuity in Yemen has not been studied in community-based surveys. But an estimate of the prevalence of visual impairment around the world reported the prevalence of blindness in Yemen as1.5%–2 %.

 

And the family health survey conducted by the Ministry of Health in 2003 revealed that 2.9% of the population had some sort of self-reported handicap, with visual handicap representing 36% of the total identified disabled individuals in the country

 

 

 

Our research aim was to estimate the prevalence of low visual acuity among grade-4 students in Al-Sonainaschools, Sana'a Republic of Yemen, 2013

 

A total sample of 502 grad 4-students (229 male and 273 female)were selected randomly using multistage stratified random selection method from private and governmental schools,and were examined during the days from 19th-25th May 2013.

 

We used cross-sectional study based on face to face interview questionnaires. and  the student's vision was examined by Snellen Charts in a standard method. Collected data was analyzed by SPSS program.

 

     The prevalence of low visual acuity was found to be 52% (95%. CI: 47.61-56.38) and only 14 students have spectacles.

 

    Several risk factors were found to be significantly associated with increase the risk of developing LVA like female gender, eye inflammation, eye strain and squint. While other risk factors including place of residence, consanguinity of parents, and educational level of parents didn't show significant association with increasing the risk of LVA development

 

   In addition there is also non statistically significant association between  risk of developing LVA and factors like  watching TV ,playing with electronic devices like computer  or reading books for long periods and close distances, positive family history of wearing eyeglasses and low or high social class ,although the frequency of LVA was slightly high among students who havethese factors.

 

     The researchers recommend for more activation of the health educational programs focusing in LVA risks and prevention toward the students and them families.

 

      Finally, we recommend more coordination from the school administration with the local health centers to set up regular screening programs (every 6 months) among school students to establish early diagnosis of the LVA.

 

 

 

Patient  Safety Culture Among Physicians in AL-Thawra Hospital , Sana'a  Republic of  Yemen.2013

 

Supervisor: Dr. Abdullah A. AL-Mikhlafy

 

Assistant professor of Community Medicine,

 

Dean of Faculty of Medicine and Health Science

 

REACHERS

 

Amat Allah  Al-masoudi,Fatma  Al-khaliKhadija Qais, ,RababHadwan, RanaYeslam ,SehamAqlan,Wahbia  Al-Asadi, Yasmine  Al-Rayashi

 

 

 

Abstract:

 

The patient safety was considered an important indicator of the commitment to health facilities healthcare quality standards.Patient safety as a discipline began in response to evidence that adverse medical events are widespread and preventable, and  the goal of the field of patient safety is to minimize adverse events and eliminate preventable harm in health care.

 

The aim of this study  was to determine  the  patient safety culture among physicians in AL-Thawra Hospital , Sana'a  Republic of  Yemen.

 

Methodology:

 

Observational cross sectional study was conducted at  AL-Thawra Hospital, in different departments from February till December 2013.  The response rate was 83% (354 physicians).  The Arabic version of the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture questionnaire developed by Agency for Health care Research and Quality was  used .  The data was analyzed by  SPSS  program , version 20.

 

Results:

 

Our study showed that the patient safety composites with the highest positive score was teamwork within units (61%).  And the lowest scores were frequency of events reported (18.4%) followed by non-punitive response to error (22.9%) ,while other patient safety composites  were supervisor/manager expectations and actions promoting  patient safety (43%), organizational learning and continuous improvement (41%) ,overall perception of patient safety (38.7%) and  staffing(37.5%), team -work across unite(34.7%), feedback and  communication about error (31%) , handoff and transition(28.7%),hospital management support for patient safety (27.5%) and communication openness (27.4%).  However,67.8% of the respondents did not report any events  in the past year and46.3% rated patient safety level as acceptable, while 16.4% rated patient safety level as ‘excellent/very good’ and 37.3%  rated patient safety level as‘ poor/ failing'.Patient safety culture still has many fields that need urgent  improvements  specially reporting of events  and  non-punitive response to error.

 

 

 

 

Prevalence of Violence Against Teaching Staff at the Medical and Health Sciences, Pharmacy, and Dentistry Colleges, at the University of Science and Technology, Sana’a, 2013

 

Supervisor :

 

Associated professor, Dr. Essam Hamdi Alsafadi,

 

 

 

Research team:

 

BashaerAlqaisy, EmanAlrawashdeh, Huda Al-Ramadhan, Marwa Abbas

 

MarwahAlqishawi, SalsabilAlfadly, Sana Alfadly, SuhailahAbdelwahed

 

 

 

Abstract

 

Background: We made this study to assess about the prevalence of violence against teaching staff which is “the intentional use of physical force or power, threatened or actual, against oneself, another person, or against a group or community that either results in or has a high likelihood of resulting in injury, death, psychological harm, mal-development, or deprivation”.

 

The types are: physical, emotional, psychological, verbal, cultural, sexual, and financial abuse.

 

Objectives: The general objectives are to estimate the distribution of violence in the last six months, and the specific is to determine the risk factors, the common types and sources, and to estimate the teacher’s knowledge about violence.

 

Methods: We do this study in University of Science and Technology, in a cross-sectional prevalence study. The sampling methods were convenient, and tools used were by informed questionnaire designed on bases of:

 

1) Socio-demographic data.

 

2) Specific information about recent violence exposure.

 

3) The teaching staff’s knowledge about violence.

 

The Data will be entered and analyzed by SPSS program.

 

Result: We found the following results concerning teachers exposure to violence: most males were exposed 57.4 % compared to 36.7% of the females; age group most affected was: 25-44 years 81%, the most common type of violence was psychological 80.6%; most common target group was the teachers 31% followed by demonstrator 28.6%, holders of a bachelors degree 45.2%; those working more than 8 hours 33.3%, the most common source was the administrators 47.6%.

 

Conclusion: Half of those teachers questioned replied that they had been exposed to violence. Psychological violence was the most common type encountered against teaching staff.

 

 

 

Factors influencing specialty selection among medical

 

Students and intern doctors in University of Science andTechnology & Sana’a UniversitySana’a-Yemen.

 

 

 

Supervisor:  Dr. Majed Wadi , Assistant  Dean for Academic Affairs

 

 

Researchers

 

Amal Mohammed Al-Shadadi

 

Asma Ahmed Bazara

 

Daula Abdullah Hashim

 

Khadija Mohammed Bazara

 

Lena Abdo Al-Makhzoomy

 

KutadaHashim Al-Naimi

 

Rehan Ali Al-Maliki

 

Background:

 

Recently there have been problems in choosing medical specialty among

 

medical students and graduates, leading to wrong choices. Our study

 

implemented lots of factors that influence choice according to

 

geographical background, gender and ethnical consideration. However

 

there has not been any study of this kind in Yemen. The objectives of our

 

study were to assess factors influencing specialty choice.

 

Methods:

 

A cross-sectional, questionnaire-based survey was carried out among

 

undergraduate medical students and intern doctors of Faculty of Medicine

 

and Health Sciences, University of Science and Technology and Sana’a

 

University, Sana’a-Yemen, during October to December 2013. We used

 

self-gathered questionnaire as a tool, and a total, 15-items questionnaire

 

was used to assess factors influencing specialty choice and sources of

 

advice.

 

Results:

 

Based on sample size, calculation 206-students ware participated in the

 

study, 4 did not participate. The overall percentage of specialty selection

 

was are 116 (57.4%), and was significantly higher among female students

 

135 (66.8%) .The most common factor was personal interest and a good

 

social life. And According to specialties the most chosen is Surgery

 

because it is prestigious and most paid. This study found that the students

 

use gender as an important point in choosing specialty especially because

 

of the geographical location in the Middle East and ethnical

 

considerations.

 

Conclusion:

 

A higher level of specialty choice among female students. The main

 

factors were personal interest and social life. The most coping strategy

 

used by students were prestigious and salary for choosing their specialty.

 

KNOWLEDG, ATTITUDES AND PRACTICES REGARDING HEPATITIS B AMONG SURGEONS IN SANA'A CAPITAL CITY, YEMEN

 

 

 

Supervisor: Dr. Abdullah A. AL-Mikhlafy

 

Assistant professor of Community Medicine,

 

Dean of Faculty of Medicine and Health Science

 

 

 

Researchers :

 

Amal  Mansour Awn ,Amani  Mohammed  Ajlan , Hajer  Mohammed Al-Muhimmah HendGhalebFare'a, Manal  Ahmed Al-Mahbashi ,Manal  Abdullah Al-Safani,Mariam  Mansour  Al-Rom ,Zahrah Mohammed Mojahed

 

ABSTRACT

 

Background :

 

Hepatitis B virus  is aworldwide public  health problem. Surgeons are at risk of contracting and spreading hepatitis B virus to others. Good knowledge, attitudes and practices of the surgeons allow them to handle their patients in such a way that they prevent themselves from contracting and their patient from spreading the infection.

 

Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate  the knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding Hepatitis B among surgeons  in major governmental hospitals in Sana'a.

 

Methodology:

 

A cross sectional study was conducted on surgeons ,who work in public hospitals ,by using a questionnaire which was consisted of  35-items; it was distributed at three major public hospitals.. The study period was from January to December 2013.

 

Results:

 

Total knowledge percentage was good in 57% and poor in 43%.  Just 53.7% believed that hepatitis B virus transmission is possible via saliva . And  32.3% reported that the prevalence of hepatitis B virus in Yemen is between (1-25%) that is the nearest to world health organization report. Only 18.3% of the participants know the correct seroconversion rate of hepatitis B post contaminated needle stick injury. Also 65.3% believed that using gloves is effective for preventing hepatitis B infection.

 

Regarding to  practice, it is good in  51.7% , whereas  only 43.7% wear double gloves while operating, only 4% use glasses when operating, and 89%  always wear masks.

 

Regarding to vaccination coverage, only 47.3% of the participants  completedtheir vaccination.

 

From all participants, 80.3% usually  recapping needles before discarding, and the needles are discarded in plastic boxes by 34.9%.  91.7 % of participants exposed to needle stick injuries in the last 3 years. Of the participants, 40.3 % never report the needle stick injuries post exposure.

 

Conclusion and Recommendations: Most of Yemeni surgeons are not aware of the correct percentage of hepatitis B prevalence in Yemen and these conversion rates of hepatitis B. The majority of the participants does not use double gloves and usually do not use glasses.Although, most of the participants exposed to needle stick injuries in the last three years, high percentage of the participants never report them. The vaccination coverage rate among them is low.

 

Our recommendations are to setting regulations that encourage surgeons to take vaccines and report actual exposure to needle stick injury. Educational meetings, pamphlets, and facilities must be provided to surgeons, informing them of hazards, preventive measuressuch as wearing double gloves, vaccination efficacy and postexposure prophylaxis to needlestick injuries.

 

Patient  Safety Culture Among Physicians in Al-Kuwait Hospital, Sana'a Republic of Yemen.   

 

Supervisor: Dr. Abdullah A. AL-Mikhlafy

 

Assistant professor of Community Medicine,

 

Dean of Faculty of Medicine and Health Science

 

Research  team:

 

Asia Al-Reashy, Amany Al-Thafery, Fatma  Al-khobery, SihamAl-Aomary, SihamAl-Hurdy, Lamia Al-Aromy, Maryam Al-Areqy, Weiam BinBreak

 

ABSTRACT

 

Background:

 

 Patient safety is an important component of the quality of health care. As health care organizations improve their quality of care, importance of establishing patient safety culture arises. According to WHO, rate of adverse incidents of healthcare system is very high in developing countries. Yemen, being a developing country, may encounter adverse events in healthcare system due to lack of infrastructure and equipment, quality and supply of drugs, poor performance of health care staff and severe shortage of essential financial investments. This will be helpful in patient safety improvements and developmental studies .

 

Due to scanty of previous studies that measure the culture of patient safety in Yemen , despite of  the  importance of such  studies to improve patient care. This study was carried out to be  a baseline database  in patient safety in Yemen. 

 

The aim of the study is to determine the patient safety culture among physicians in Al-Kuwait Hospital, Sana'a Republic of Yemen.   

 

Methods:

 

The study was done among physicians in AL-Kuwait Hospital by using observational cross sectional study , in the period of March till December 2013. The study included 250 (response rate was  67%). The questionnaire of the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture (HSOPS) which developed by Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) was used. Convenience sampling was done and the data analysis was by using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences  (SPSS) version 20  .

 

Results: Patient safety composites with the highest positive score was teamwork within units (70.1%) .  And the lowest score was frequency of event reporting (21.1%) followed by hospital management support for patient safety (35.4%),  and communication openness (35.6%), feedback and communication about error (38%), handoffs and Transition (41.2%), teamwork across units (44.4%),  staffing (46.3%), overall perceptions of safety (49.9%),  supervisor/manager expectations ,actions promoting patient safety (47.3%), organizational learning—continuous improvement (50%), non-punitive response to error (61.8%).

 

Conclusion: .Safety culture is not strong as it is desirable of AL-Kuwait Hospital.  The safety culture assessment confirms the need for a long-term national initiative to improve patient safety culture and provides each hospital with a baseline patient safety culture profile to direct an intervention plan. The highest dimension was Teamwork within units, and the lowest was Frequency of event reporting .The identification of clusters of safety culture dimensions indicates the need for a different approach and context towards the implementation of interventions aimed at improving the safety culture. Certain clusters require unit level improvements the lowest score was frequency of event reporting followed by hospital management support for patient safety, where as others demand a hospital-wide policy  hospital management support for patient safety, and supervisor/manager expectations, actions promoting patient .


 

Prevalence of Sleep Disorder Among Medical Students In University Of Science And Technology, Sana'a, Yemen, 2013.

 

Supervisor : Dr. Mahdi Saad Al-Qarwany

 

Assistant Dean for Clinical Training & Hospitals’ Affairs

 

Research Team:

 

Abdulmohsen A. Shaikh,HaroonFadhelYahya, HumaidHashem  Al-Hashemi, MujahedRezqAal-Madani, Mohammed Ahmad Al-WashalyMohammedSabriHammad, MaisaraIssa M. Alasmar,        Na'aeemMuthannaHussien,Saleh Abdullah  Al-Haddad

 

 

 

Abstract

 

Background: A sleep disorder, or somnipathy, is a medical disorder of the sleep patterns of a person related to alterations in the sleep-wake cycle. Some sleep disorders are serious enough to interfere with normal physical, mental and emotional functioning. 

 

Methods: A cross-sectional, study was carried out among undergraduate medical students , Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Science and Technology, Sana’a-Yemen. Using self-administered questionnaire-based study and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) with total of 12 questions.

 

Objectives: To determine the prevalence of sleep disorder Among Medical Students in UST in Sana'a, Yemen, 2013.

 

Results: Based on mass sample, 339 students were participated in this study. The overall percentage of sleep disorders was 191 (56.3%), it significantly higher among the fifth academic medical students (72%). The most common risk factor of sleep disorder was related to anxiety.

 

Conclusion: A higher level of sleep disorders was reported by the fifth academic level of medical students, and there was a strong relationship

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

THE IMPACT OF KHAT CHEWING ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE AMONG MEDICAL STUDENTS IN UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY–SANA'A, YEMEN,2013

 

Supervisor :Dr. MajedWadi,Assistant  Dean for Academic Affairs

 

 

 

Research Team

 

MostafaAlhamdiAdnan Saadeddin,MuneerBashoaibSami Abdulmageed

 

KhaledAlmohamadi

 

Abstract

 

Background:Khat chewing is widely distributed in Yemen, and believed to help students in their study and improving their academic performance.

 

Objectives:To assess the prevalence and the impact ofKhat chewing on academic performance of medical students in Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Science and Technology.

 

Methodology:A cross-sectional study was applied among undergraduate medical students, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Science and Technology, Sana'a-Yemen. A self-reported questionnaire, consisted of 27 questions divided into three parts, was used.

 

Results:264 students were participated in our study. The prevalence of khat chewing in our study was 22.3%. Chewing khat among males (83.1%) was higher than females (16.9%). Non-chewers had had better results in term of average grades in the last year (29.2% of non-chewers and 18.6% of chewers). There was no significant difference between chewers and non-chewers in the term of failing in the previous years. In comparing missing classes, the chewers (25.4%) miss classes more frequently than non-chewers (10.7%).  In comparing level of concentration during classes, there was no significant difference between the two categories, with non-chewers had mildly better results. The most frequently reported reason for chewing is social (32.2%), and the second one is academic (30.5%). In comparing finishing schedules, there was better results for chewers compared with non-chewers (25.4% of chewers mostly finish their schedule compared to 19.1% of non-chewers).

 

Conclusion: Non-chewers' academic performance was better than that of chewers, except for the parameter "finishing schedules", in which chewers were better.

 

 

 

PREVALENCE OF SMOKING HABIT AMONG MEDICAL, PHARMACY AND DENTISTRY STUDENTS IN PRIVATE UNIVERSITIES IN SANA'A 2013 – 2014

 

Supervisor :  Dr. MahdyAlqrawany

 

Assistant Dean for Clinical Training & Hospitals’ Affairs

 

 

 

Research Team:

 

Ali JibreelBader AlSawadi ,Ahmed Nawajha , HusamMuslehYehya Salem ,YazedFaqeh ,Ahmed Shaheen ,Abdul SammadModefie,Abdul Raouf  NajemEddin

 

 

 

Abstract:

 

Background: This study done to estimate the prevalence of smoker students at medical colleges (Medicine, Pharmacy and Dentistry)  in both University of science and Technology and Dar Al-Salam International University for Science and technology as +private universities In Sana'a at December 2013 as 600 students was participated in this sample was chosen randomly study by cross section study technique.The Respondents who participate in this study were handled a modified questionnaire taken from National Centre of Tobacco prevention (NCTP).The survey data was analyzed using SPSS software version 20.0

 

Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of smoking habits among male medical students at the different College of Medicine (Dentistry, Pharmacy and medicine) from third year to final year in both University of science and Technology and Dar Al-Salam International University for Science and technology as private Universities, Sana'a, Republic of Yemen

 

Results: The study shows that 13% of male medical students were currently active smokers, 5.3% were ex-smokers, and 38.2% were passive smokers. The types of smoking included Shisha 44.1%, cigarette 32.2%, and both 23.7%. The common reason given for the smoking behavior was the influence of friends (35.6%). The study shows that 57.1% of current smokers were tried to stop smoking.

 

Conclusions: the percentage of smoker students in government universities 39.6%, while the prevalence of smokers among medical students at in both UST and DAS as private universities was 46.1%. There is also many significant associated factors for smoking such as chewing Qat which were 73.55% of students are chewing Qat in addition to smoking habit while only 25.43% of students are smokers but without chewing Qat. There is also a strong relation between smoking and academic level as the percentage increase with level progression.

 

Recommendation: There is an urgent need to promote multi-disciplinary health education activities for each medical faculty in order to help smokers to quit.

 

Conclusion

 

Although the percentage of students who try smoking was high in government universities, there was high prevalence of smokers among medical students at private universities as study shows the percentage of private medical smoker students was 46% while percentage in their colleagues at government students was 39.6% .there was also high prevalence in smokers of types other than cigarettes as chewing tobacco, snuff, cigars, or pipes. There is also many significant associated factors for smoking such as chewing Qat which were 73.55% of students are chewing Qat in addition to smoking habit while only 25.43% of students are smokers but without chewing Qat. There is also a strong relation between smoking and academic level as the percentage increase with level progression.

 

KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE ABOUT HEPATITIS B AMONG MEDICAL STUDENTS IN UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

 

Supervisor: Prof. Ahmed Ali Quid   Head of Community Department

 

Mohammed Taher1, Mohammed Shaker2, Rami Al-hakeemi3, Mohammed Al-shugaa4, Salah Rashed5.

 

Abstract

 

Background Objectives:-

 

Hepatitis B is a life threatening infection resulting in 0.6 million deaths annually. The prevalence of hepatitis B is rising in Yemen and furthermore, there is paucity of information about knowledge, attitude and practice about hepatitis B in medical students. This study aimed to evaluate knowledge, attitude and practice about hepatitis B among medical students of University of Science and Technology Sana'a –Yemen.

 

Methods: a cross sectional study was conducted in  medical college/ University of Science and Technology a convenient random sampling was used to collect the information. Closed-ended self administered and modified Arabic questionnaire, based on WHO ADIS program was used and consist of 3 parts; the first part was about personal characters of the student such as college in which study , level of study and age group.The second part contains questions about knowledge which classified into causative agents (1queistion), source of information (1questions) transmission (9questions)symptoms (2question)complication(2question)treatment(1question)vaccination(3question). And  the third part assesses the attitudes(6questions)  and(3questions) about practice was used and distribution to the participation. All information  regarding awareness about prevention, transmission, diagnosis, treatment and vaccination availability for hepatitis B was completed from each individual. In addition, vaccination status of hepatitis B was also documented.

 

Results: A total of 231 students participated in this study. The response rate was 100%. 8% of student did not hear about hepatitis B previously. Only 52% of  medical student said that, the source of information was the faculty of medicine. 95% of  the students know the cause of hepatitis B infection. Most of the students have poor knowledge about routes of transmission, symptoms, complications and treatment of hepatitis B infection. No student was received blood without testing. Only 33% of students was vaccinated against hepatitis B virus . This study showed that, the vaccine is not available to 17% of students.

 

More than two thirds of students accepted if they are asked to be examined for hepatitis B. And only sixty nine percent of students believe that they should check for hepatitis B virus before marriage.

 

 

 

Conclusion: The overall Knowledge, attitude and  practice of studied group showed 8% did not hear about hepatitis B previously and only the most of  medical student said that, the source of information was the faculty of medicine. Poor knowledge about hepatitis B, routes of transmission, symptoms, complications and treatment. Good knowledge about the cause of hepatitis B infection. - No student was received blood without testing. Only 33.3% of students was vaccinated against hepatitis B virus. Only few students had vaccinated family members.most of students believe that, hepatitis B patients should follow a special diet. Of endunsatisfactory outcomes.

 

Key word: KAP; HBV; Medical Students; YEMEN.

 

PREVELANCE, TYPES AND SOURCES OF MISTREATMENT & ABUSE AMONG MEDICAL STUDENTS IN UST - SANA'A, YEMEN - 2013

 

Supervisor : Dr. MajedWadiAssistant  Dean for Academic Affairs

 

Research Team:

 

WajehMoh. Nabil  ,Da'as Abdullah  ,Mazen Al-GhazaliMahmoom Mohammed Odeh, Ibrahim Mansour Al-qadasi, FadyAtef Al-Masry

 

 

 

Abstract

 

Background : A good teaching system in any university depend on a good communication between the student and the staff, therefore mistreatment and abuse concederd as one of the most seiorious problem which become a barrier in the teaching system. However studies about this topic are diminished in Yemen medical schools and might be absents . The objective of our study is to assest the prevalence , types and sources of abuse.

 

Methods: A cross-sectional, questionnaire-based survey was carried out among undergraduate medical students of Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Science and Technology, Sana’a-Yemen, during November and December 2013. Total of 78 Items questionnaire was used to assess the prevalence, types and sources of abuse.

 

Results: Based on the sample size calculation, 360 students were participated in the study. The overall percentage of student who experienced abuse was 66.1% ( 238/ 360), and was higher among female student (37.2%) . many source of abuse found such as (deanship of medicine faculty (54.2%), presendesy of university(27.3%), university stuff (28.9%), hospital doctor (30.7%), class mate (28.2%) and patient (11.3%)) . The verbal type was higher than non-verbal abuse,

 

Conclusion:heightprevalence of abuse and mistreatment was reported by the students. Deanship of medical facilities and health science is the higher source.

 

PREVALENCE OF GALLBLADDER STONES AMONG PATIENTS OF UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY HOSPITALSANAA 2013

 

Supervisor:Dr. Abdullah A. AL-Mikhlafy

 

Assistant professor ofCommunity Medicine,

 

Dean of Faculty of Medicine and Health Science

 

Research team:

 

 ABDULLAH AHMED SAEED, ALIESMAIL, ASAMAHABDULSALAM,IBRAHEAMHASSAN, GABREELAHMEDEISSA,ABDULLRAHAMANAHMEDALSADEQ,

 

ABSTRACT

 

Introduction: The Gallbladder stone disease is one of the most common and costly of all digestive diseases. Although gallstones are common, The majority are asymptomatic, it is only symptomatic in 20 – 30 % of patients, with biliary colic being the most common symptom. The most common complications of gallstones are acute cholecystitis, acute pancreatitis, ascending cholangitis, and obstructive jaundice. The widespread use of diagnostic abdominal ultrasonography has led to the increasing detection of clinically unsuspected stones. Recently the laparoscopic cholecystectomy consider as the treatment of choice for this disease.

 

Objective:The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of gallbladder stone among patients that did abdominal ultra sound in UST hospital from Jan to June 2013.

 

Method: This is a retrospective study, conducted in the Department of radiology in UST hospital – Sana'a - Yemen, during the period from first day of January 2013 to last day of June 2013.

 

Results: The sample size is (4935) patients from UST Hospital who had abdominal u/s. Information was collected from abdominal ultrasonography reports to detect gallstones. The overall prevalence of gallstone disease was (5.5%). We used the SPSS to analysis data and found the relation between GBS and risk factors.

 

Conclusion: Female sex and increased age were significant risk factors for gallstone disease

 

 

 

Prevalence and Characteristics of Rickets among children less than 5 years in Al-Sabeen Hospital Sana’a, Yemen, from January 2012 to December 2013

 

Supervised by:Dr. Mahdi Sa’ad Al Karawani

 

Assistant Dean for Clinical Training & Hospitals’ Affairs

 

 

 

Research team :

 

1- AnasTaiseer Mohammed Kreeshan 2- Qais Tariq Mostafa Al-seba'e 3- Fayez Mohammed Fayez Hadad 4- AlenKordovic 5- Mohammed Ahmed IbraheemKhasawneh 6- AnasAtef Abdel-hafed Al-rawashdeh 7- Ahmed Mohammed Salama Al-khdour

 

 

 

Abstract

 

Introduction:Rickets is a deficiency of Vitamin D involves softening and weakening of bones in children. Bone softening occurs from a loss of the mineral calcium from the skeleton leading to deformities of the body structure. Rickets may be seen in young children 6 to 24 months old and is uncommon in newborns. In most developing countries, nutritional rickets is a major health problem.

 

 

 

Objective: The main aim of the study is to estimate prevalence and characteristics of rickets Among children less than 5 years old in Al-Sabeen Hospital, Sana'a, Yemen from January 2012 to December 2013

 

Methodology: This study is cross sectional study (descriptive) includes all children less than 5 years in records of the outpatient and inpatient department of Al Sabeen Hospital from January 2012 to December 2013. Data collection is done by the research team using questionnaire which were filled by the study team in reference to the outpatient and inpatient's record in Al Sabeen hospital, sample size was 350.

 

Results: Our study showed that The mean age of the children in our study sample was 20.44 months ± 15.2 months , The prevalence of rickets was 17.71%, about 70% of the affected children were below 24 months of age, About 60 % of the rickets positive children were male and 40 % were female, 48.4 % of the cases happened during winter, followed by 32.3 % in summer, 54.8 % of the cases were living in urban areas compared to 45.2 % in rural areas, All of the affected children showed clinical manifestations, the most predominant were poor growth 51.16 % , followed by rosary beads 35.48% then wide AF 33.87% and there is no pathological fractures at all.

 

Conclusions: There is high prevalence of rickets among children less than 5 years in Al.Sabeen hospital. The most common clinical feature was poor growth. Rickets is more likely to happen in winter. Breast feeding exclusively is strong risk factor.

 

                                                           

 

 

 

KNWOLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE ABOUT HIV / AIDS AMONG FIRST YEAR MEDICINE, DENTISTRY AND PHARMACY STUDENTS AT UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY SANA'A – YEMEN,2013

 

Supervisor :Dr. MAJED AL-WADI ,Assistant  Dean for Academic Affairs

 

Researcher Team

 

MajedZaidEbrahim Abbas, Nasr YousufAlfaqih, Mohamed Ali Mabkhut Al seire, IshakAbdulkadir Mohamed Kutub, KhaledThabet Mohamed Alraimi, AwadNazalAwad Al balawi, Hamid Mohamed AyubHabibullah

 

 

 

ABSTRACT

 

Background:  The information flow related to human immunodeficiency virus disease is enormous and continues to expand, and it has become almost difficult for the health care generalist to deal with it simply.Regarding lack of knowledge, attitude and practice study on human immunodeficiency virus / acquired immunodeficiency syndrome among first year medicine, dentistry and pharmacy students in University of Science and Technology -Yemen  we decided to conduct such study. The objective of our study  was to determine the level of knowledge, attitude and practice on human immunodeficiency virus / acquired immunodeficiency syndrome among first-year medicine, dentistry and pharmacy students of University of Science and Technology -Yemen.

 

Methods: A cross-sectional, questionnaire-based survey was carried out among first year medical students of Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Science and Technology, Sana’a-Yemen, during May 2013. The main questionnaire was divided into 3 parts with 29 main questions used to assess the level of knowledge, attitude/beliefs and practice.

 

Results: The overall level of knowledge was poor 49.7%,  negative attitude (80.8%) and negative practice (76.3%).. The most common sources of human immunodeficiency virus / acquired immunodeficiency syndrome was internet (68.3%). The most of students is oriented about causative agent of human immunodeficiency virus / acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (87.3%). Our study revealed that knowledge about mode of transmission of human immunodeficiency virus / acquired immunodeficiency syndrome including sexual contact and sharing needles was high (95.6%) and ( 92.9%) respectively.

 

 

 

Conclusion: The level of knowledge about human immunodeficiency virus / acquired immunodeficiency syndrome was relatively poor, negative attitude and negative practice.

 

Eating Disorders Among Medical Students in Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences in University of Science & Technology in Sana’a - Yemen - 2013

 

Main Supervisor:

 

Dr. Mahdi Saad Al-Garawani

 

Assistant Dean for Clinical Training & Hospitals’ Affairs

 

Co-supervisor  Dr. Saifaddeen Al-Meeri ,Psychiatric consultant

 

Researchers:

 

Abdulrahman Mohammed Al-Shateri, AbdulsalamHameedMosleh

 

AnasMowaffak Alia , Badr Omar Al-Amodi, Sami Abdu Al-Zuraiki

 

Wael Mohammed Al-Moliki

 

Background:

 

Eating Disorders: A mental disorder that reveals itself through abnormal behaviors related to food.

 

Objective:

 

Evaluate the extent of eating disorders among medical students at the UST.

 

Method:

 

It is Cross Sectional Study using questionnaires ( Scoff and EAT-26) to estimate the distribution of eating disorders among medical students in faculty of medicine in university of science and technology in Sana’a – Yemen.

 

Results:

 

There is distribution of eating disorder among medical students in 76 of 617 students with (12.3 %), there are difference between male students (9%) and female students (18.3%) and the comparison of eating disorder between Yemenis students (11.8%) and students of other nationalities (13.8%) and the comparison between students who live in Yemen (12.5%) and students who live outside Yemen (12%).

 

 

 

Conclusion:

 

The study shows that the disorder is twice in female than male. The study showed that the eating disorder is more in students of other nationalities than the Yemenis students and the students who live in Yemen are nearly equal than students who live outside Yemen.

 

 

 

 

Prevalence of Rome III criteria of Irritable Bowel Syndrome in association with anxiety  among medical students in UST , Sana'a , Yemen – 2013

 

Supervisor:Dr. MajedWadi,Assistant Dean for Academic Affairs

 

 

 

Research team:

 

1-Fayez Abdulqader Fayez Abdulrazeq2-Mohammad Mustafa Mohammad Marei3-Ahmed  Mohammed Ahmed Naji4-Ouda Mohamed HarabOuda5-Mohammed KhairDetaAkhon

 

 

 

Abstract

 

Background: Recently there is a growing concern about IBS during undergraduate medical study. However, studies about the same topic are lacking in Yemeni medical schools.

 

The objective of this study is to assess presence of Rome III criteria of IBS , type of IBS and it's association with anxiety .

 

 

 

Methods: A cross-sectional, study was carried out among undergraduate medical students , Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Science and Technology, Sana’a-Yemen. Prevalence of  Rome III criteria & it's association with anxiety was assessed using a standard questionnaires with a total of 17 questions.

 

 

 

Results: Based on sample size  calculation , 360 student were participated in this study. The overall  percentage of IBS was 155(43.1%), it was significantly higher among female students (24.2%). The IBS is significantly higher among students with anxiety 145(40.3%), P.value ( 0.028) .

 

 

 

Conclusion: A higher level of IBS was reported by female students. and there was a strong relationship between IBS and anxiety.

 

 

 

Blood Transfusion Practice in University of Science and Technology Hospital Sana'a – Yemen 2013

 

Supervisor: Dr.OmarBawazir. Consultant of pediatric, MRCP, Assistant Professor.

 

Researcher team:

 

Adnan Ali Bayhia, Ammar Ahmed Banakher, Abdulkarim Mohammed Altarazi, Abdulrahman Mohammed Moalim, AbdulazizEdahBadabi.

 

 

 

Abstract

 

Background: Blood Transfusion practice is a vital part of the health care service. Increasing advancement in the field of transfusion medicine and technology has necessitated enforcing measures to ensure high quality of blood and its products. The aim of this study was to determine the clinical transfusion practice at UST-Hospital, indication for transfusion, availability of blood transfusion forms.

 

 

 

Methods and Material: The type of study used is cross-sectional that cover 200 files (100 donors and 100 recipients). Data were collected by questionnaires.

 

The result

 

A total of 200 patients’ file is reviewed (100 donors and 100 recipients). Type of transfusion is as followed: Packed RBC (56%), plat (4%). The most frequent indications for transfusion were anemia (29%), RTA (17%), post-operation (17%). There was no transfusion reaction, form or outcome ones.

 

 

 

Conclusion

 

On our study shows that there are inadequacies in the file record which might jeopardize delivery of health care and subsequently patient safety.  

 

 

 

Clinico-patholgical Characteristics of Female Breast Cancer in Sana'a - Yemen from January 2010 to December 2013 – a Multicenter Results

 

Supervisors :

 

Assistant Prof. Dr Abdullah Al-Mikhlafy

 

Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences ,UST

 

Assistant Prof.DrWaleedGhilan

 

Department of Surgery,Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, UST

 

Researchers:

 

KaramaYaslamBayaminFarisSarhan Saddam

 

Ibrahim M. Ibrahim

 

Abstract

 

Background : Breast Cancer is the most common  type of cancer and leading cancer cause of death among women worldwide. 

 

 

 

Objectives: This study aims to demonstrate Clinico-patholgical characteristics of Female Breast Cancer in Sana'a - Yemen from January 2010 to December 2013 – a Multicenter Results.

 

 

 

Methods: A descriptive retrospective study was undertaken to investigate the clinico-pathological characteristics of Breast Cancer in University of Science and Technology Hospital, Kuwait Teaching Hospital and Saudi-German Hospital in Sana'a-Yemen from the period of January 2010 to December 2013.All records were reviewed and for each identified patient age, marital status, risk factors, presenting complaint, pathological type, staging, lymph node involvement and surgical approaches were studied.

 

 

 

Results: The study was carried out on 85 patients. 28.6% patients were diagnosed at age 40-49 years. 95.9% were married. Positive family history was recorded in only 1.2%. there was not any difference between premenopausal and postmenopausal women. 78.82% presented with mass as an only symptom. The main histopathological type was invasive ductal carcinoma in 72% and 10.7% were of lobular pattern. In 18.2% of patients the preoperative and postoperative histopathological results were not the same. Clinical stage 3 was observed in 50.9% and lymph nodes were involved in 72.2% of patients. 77.6% underwent Modified Radical Mastectomy.

 

 

Conclusion: In our study, Breast Cancer affected mainly over 40 years. The majority of women presented in third stage hence efforts are needed to enhance Breast Cancer awareness in Yemen for early detection.